allahabadOctober 13, 2021
Allahabad ( pronunciation (help·info)), officially known as Prayagraj, also known as Ilahabad, is a metropolis in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of the Allahabad district—the most populous district in the state and 13th most populous district in India—and the Allahabad division. The city is the judicial capital of Uttar Pradesh with the Allahabad High Court being the highest judicial body in the state. As of 2011, Allahabad is the seventh most populous city in the state, thirteenth in Northern India and thirty-sixth in India, with an estimated population of 1.53 million in the city. In 2011 it was ranked the world’s 40th fastest-growing city. Allahabad, in 2016, was also ranked the third most liveable urban agglomeration in the state (after Noida and Lucknow) and sixteenth in the country. Hindi is the most widely spoken language in the city.
Allahabad lies close to Triveni Sangam, the “three-river confluence” of the Ganges, Yamuna and Sarasvati rivers. It plays a central role in Hindu scriptures.
The earliest mention of Prayāga and the associated pilgrimage is found in Rigveda Pariśiṣṭa (supplement to the Rigveda, c. 1200–1000 BCE). It is also mentioned in the Pali canons of Buddhism, such as in section 1.7 of Majjhima Nikaya (c. 500 BCE), wherein the Buddha states that bathing in Payaga (Skt: Prayaga) cannot wash away cruel and evil deeds, rather the virtuous one should be pure in heart and fair in action. The Mahabharata (c. 400 BCE–300 CE) mentions a bathing pilgrimage at Prayag as a means of prāyaścitta (atonement, penance) for past mistakes and guilt. In Tirthayatra Parva, before the great war, the epic states “the one who observes firm [ethical] vows, having bathed at Prayaga during Magha, O best of the Bharatas, becomes spotless and reaches heaven.” In Anushasana parva, after the war, the epic elaborates this bathing pilgrimage as “geographical tirtha” that must be combined with manasa-tirtha (tirtha of the heart) whereby one lives by values such as truth, charity, self-control, patience and others.
Prayāga is mentioned in the Agni Purana and other Puranas with various legends, including being one of the places where Brahma attended a yajna (homa), and the confluence of river Ganges, Yamuna and mythical Saraswati site as the king of pilgrimage sites (Tirtha Raj). Other early accounts of the significance of Prayag to Hinduism is found in the various versions of the Prayaga Mahatmya, dated to the late 1st-millennium CE. These Purana-genre Sanskrit texts describe Prayag as a place “bustling with pilgrims, priests, vendors, beggars, guides” and local citizens busy along the confluence of the rivers (sangam). Prayaga is also mentioned in the Hindu epic Ramayana, a place with the legendary Ashram of sage Bharadwaj.
Allahabad’s elevation is over 90 m (295 ft) above sea level. The old part of the city, at the south of Allahabad Junction Railway Station, consists of neighbourhoods like Chowk, Johnstongunj, Dariyabad, Khuldabad and many more. In the north of the Railway Station, the new city consists of neighbourhoods like Lukergunj, Civil Lines, Georgetown, Tagoretown, Allahpur, Ashok Nagar, Mumfordgunj, Bharadwaj Puram and others which are relatively new and were built during the British rule. Civil Lines is the central business district of the city and is famous for its urban setting, gridiron plan roads and high rise buildings. Built in 1857, it was the largest town-planning project carried out in India before the establishment of New Delhi. Allahabad has many buildings featuring Indo-Islamic and Indo-Saracenic architecture. Although several buildings from the colonial period have been declared “heritage structures”, others are deteriorating. Famous landmarks of the city are Allahabad Museum, New Yamuna Bridge, Allahabad University, Triveni Sangam, All Saints Cathedral, Anand Bhavan, Alfred Park etc. The city experiences one of the highest levels of air pollution worldwide, with the 2016 update of the World Health Organization’s Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database finding Allahabad to have the third highest mean concentration of “PM2.5” (<2.5 μm diameter) particulate matter in the ambient air among all the 2972 cities tested (after Zabol and Gwalior).
Amritsar is the second-largest city and district of Punjab. It is also one of the fastest growing cities of Punjab. In the mid 1980s the city was famous for its textile industry. After the 1984 Sikh riots Amritsar faced a blow in Industrial growth but there are still many textile mills present in the city. It is famous for its Pashmina Shawls, Woolen Clothes, Blankets, etc. Among handicrafts, the craft of the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru in Amritsar district got enlisted on UNESCO’s List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2014, and the effort to revive this craft under the umbrella of Project Virasat is among India’s biggest government-sponsored craft revival programs.
Amritsar was found by Sri Guru Ramdass, the fourth guru of the Sikhs in about 1574 A.D. Before the city was founded, the area was covered with thick forests and had several lakes. To start the city the Guru invited 52 traders from different sectors belongings to nearby places like Patti and Kasur to settle here. These families started the first 32 shops in the city which still stand in the street called Batisi Hatta (32 shops). The Guru himself shifted to live among them in the city which came to be called Ramdaspur and has been eulogised in the Guru Granth Sahib.
The construction of Amrit Sarovar from which the city gets its present name was also stared by Sri Guru Ramdass. His successor, Sri Guru Arjan Dev, completed the project and located the Harmandir Sahib in its midst. Later, when Guru Arjan Dev completed the writing of Holy Granth sahib, a copy of Guru Granth Sahib was ceremonially installed in Harmandir Sahib. Baba Buddha Sahib was appointed the First Granthi.
Amritsar city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Amritsar Metropolitan Region. The Amritsar city is located in Punjab state of India.
As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Amritsar in 2011 is 1,132,383; of which male and female are 601,008 and 531,375 respectively. Although Amritsar city has population of 1,132,383; its urban / metropolitan population is 1,183,549 of which 628,420 are males and 555,129 are females.
|City + Out Growths||1,159,227||615,417||543,810|
|Average Literacy (%)||84.19 %||86.90 %||81.16 %|
Amritsar hosts Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport. The airport is connected to other parts of India and other countries with direct international flights to cities. The Airport is 12th busiest Airport of India in terms of International Traffic. The Airport serves not only Amritsar, but also may other districts in Punjab and neighbouring states.
Amritsar has a bus rapid transit service, the Amritsar Metrobus which was launched on 28 January 2019. 93 fully air-conditioned Tata Marcopolo buses are used for the service connecting places like
Amritsar Junction Railway Station is the primary terminus station serving Amritsar. It is the busiest Railway Station in Indian State of Punjab and one of the highest revenue generating station of Northern Railways. Due to high traffic at the Amritsar Junction Railway Station, Indian Railways has planned to develop 2 satellite stations-Chheharta and Bhagtanwala, in order to decongest traffic at this station. As many as 6 trains would be shifted to Chheharta Railway Station in the first phase. The Indian Railway Stations Development Corporation has also planned to make the Amritsar Junction Railway Station, a world class railway station on lines of International Airport based on PPP Model. The project has received an overwhelming response with bids from 7 private firms, including GMR.
DMart is a one-stop supermarket chain that aims to offer customers a wide range of personal and home under one roof. Mr Radhakishan Damani started DMart. The supermarket has a vast collection of clothes, gifts, and general store products from small to big things. The supermarket offers all varieties of products, including ayurvedic products. Customers can avail clothes and accessories at a competitive price. Consumers can get almost everything that suits your home needs with relatively less cost. D Mart also serves in Ahmedabad, Baroda, Hyderabad, Pune, Surat, Bengaluru, and more locations.
VR Ambarsar is located in the heart of the holy city of Amritsar, is a flagship Virtuous Retail Shopping Centre. It is an institutionally recognised developer-operator of community-oriented added lifestyle shopping centres. The mall has a multiplex, children’s play area and a large food court. They offer a vast range of branded national and international items. VR Ambarsar is also located at Bengaluru, Chennai, Surat and Chandigarh.
INOX is one of the excellent movie theatres in Amritsar located inside the Trillium Mall. It has five cinema screens and high-quality sound system that offers the best movie experience for its visitors. It is the big hall with adequate legroom within good clean seats. You can order the pizza at the theatre, and that is delivered at your place while watching the film. Gift items and 3D glasses are available. INOX operates 614 screens across 68 cities with 146 multiplexes in India.
Rose Garden is a large and beautiful public park located in Amritsar. It is a landscaped park with a walking path, fountain, playground and seasonal blooming roses. The park has a lovely garden, playing equipment and many rides for children. The park has exercising equipment and manually operated machines for the public. Rose Garden offers a pleasant and secure area for people to visit for picnics and sports.
Ivy Amritsar Hospital is one of the best multispecialty hospitals in Amritsar. They provide treatment to more than 200,000 patients yearly. The hospital has 1100 beds and more than twenty-five super-specialties across its seven facilities. The hospital is ABH accredited which is the highest standard quality accreditation for hospitals in India. The infrastructure of the hospital is clean, hygienic, and appropriately maintained. In addition to providing more accessible and affordable healthcare, Ivy Amritsar Hospital created a good business model. Their hospital is offering multi-super specialty care under one roof. They have 24 hours emergency service, laboratory, and ambulance service. Dr. Gurtej Singh is the chairman of this hospital.
amritsar LOCAL AREAS
Ram Tirath Road
New Amritsar Colony
Katra Karam Singh
Tarn Taran Road
Kot Atma Singh
Khazana Wala Gate
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